By Andreas Kontoleon, Unai Pascual, Melinda Smale
This booklet displays present advancements within the economics of agrobiodiversity and focuses its cognizance at the position agrobiodiversity could have for monetary improvement. As a brand new and swiftly increasing subfield on the interface of environmental/ecological, agricultural and improvement economics, the editors and members to this quantity supply a radical, dependent and authoritative assurance of this field.Topics coated contain the commercial modelling of agrobiodiversity, coverage and governance options for the conservation of biodiversity in agricultural landscapes, contracts, markets and valuation. The authors contain famous and revered lecturers and researchers who've a true coverage point of view into the position of agrobiodiversity and fiscal development. The ebook presents coherent and recent insurance of the economics of in-situ agrobiodiversity conservation that is to a wide quantity at the moment absent.Though the cloth within the quantity is basically written for economists, its content material and magnificence are hugely suitable and obtainable to ecologists and conservation biologists, and to lecturers from different large disciplines which are situated in the components of economics and ecology.
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Extra resources for Agrobiodiversity, Conservation and Economic Development (Routledge Explorations in Environmental Economics) (2008)
Like other agricultural researchers who have examined the evidence, Lipper and Cooper acknowledge the productivity advances of the ‘revolution’ in scientiﬁc plant breeding that began with the application of Mendelian genetics and hybridization in the early twentieth century, culminating in what became known as the ‘Green Revolution’ during the 1970s. Spurred by irrigation, application of fertilizers, mechanization, other structural shifts in use of land and water resources, the process of seed-driven technical change was uneven in its impact across regions of Asia and Latin America, bypassing much of Sub-Saharan Africa altogether.
Such a result suggests that there is scope for an agricultural transition towards biodiversity conservation that may still be consistent with an increase in crop output in already biodiversity-poor modern agricultural landscapes. Johannes Sauer, in Chapter 9, provides a useful review of the methodological and empirical literature that establishes the link between production eﬃciency and environmental/biodiversity eﬃciency. Departing from the more traditional linear programming approach, following the previous chapter, Sauer focuses on how to incorporate agrobiodiversity into stochastic frontier models to achieve more realistic measures of production eﬃciency.
A. E. (1980) ‘Ecology and living resources biological diversity’, in Environmental Quality 1980: The Eleventh Annual Report of the Council on Environmental Quality. Washington DC: Council on Environmental Quality, pp. 31–80. Pascual, U. and Perrings, C. (2007) ‘Developing incentives and economic mechanisms for in situ biodiversity conservation in agricultural landscapes’, Agriculture, Ecosystems and the Environment 121: 256–268. W. ’ Portuguese Economic Journal 3(2): 115–144. , Pascual, U. , (2006) ‘Biodiversity in agricultural landscapes: saving natural capital without losing interest’, Conservation Biology 20(2): 263–264.