By Mario De Caro, Massimo Marraffa, Francesco Ferretti
This booklet is a suite of essays exploring a few classical dimensions of brain either from the viewpoint of an empirically-informed philosophy and from the viewpoint of a philosophically-informed psychology. The chapters replicate the various different types of interplay so that it will make clear matters and debates relating a few conventional cognitive capacities. the result's a philosophically and scientifically up to date choice of "cartographies of the mind".
Read Online or Download Cartographies of the Mind: Philosophy and Psychology in Intersection (Studies in Brain and Mind, Volume 4) PDF
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Additional info for Cartographies of the Mind: Philosophy and Psychology in Intersection (Studies in Brain and Mind, Volume 4)
I will refer to this as the modeling view of computational explanation. According to the modeling view, roughly speaking, anything that is described by a computation is also a computing mechanism that performs that computation. 14 The modeling view is tempting because it appears to gain support from the widespread use of computational models in the sciences of mind and brain. Nevertheless, it is even less satisfactory than the semantic view. The main difficulty with the modeling view is that it turns so many things into computing mechanisms that it fails the non-vacuity requirement.
The components’ capacities to fulfill their functions may be explained by the same strategy, namely, in terms of the components’ components, functions, and organization. ; under normal conditions, the engine generates motive power, the power is transmitted to the wheels by appropriate components, and the wheels are connected to the rest of the car so as to carry it for the ride. Given that the capacities of mechanisms are explained mechanistically, it remains to be seen how mechanistic explanation relates to computational explanation.
Andy Clark is a leading advocate of revisionism. He believes that RCTM can be reconstructed making due allowances for “the environmental embedded, corporeally embodied, and neurally ‘embrained’ character of natural cognition”,64 but without collapsing into the anti-representationalism characteristic of the most radical readings of post-classical cognitive science. 68 Unlike the above-mentioned semantic externalism, where the mental contents of a subject depend on aspects of the environment which are clearly external to the subject’s cognitive processes, active externalism asserts that the environment can play an active role in constituting and driving cognitive processes.