By Prasannan Parthasarathi
In a problem to the frequent trust that poverty and bad dwelling criteria were attribute of India for hundreds of years, Prasannan Parthasarathi demonstrates that, until eventually the past due eighteenth century, laboring teams in South India have been in a strong place, receiving earning good above subsistence. It was once with the increase of colonial rule, the writer keeps, that the decline of their fiscal fortunes used to be initiated. this can be a strong revisionist assertion at the position of england in India that might curiosity scholars of the zone, and fiscal and colonial historians.
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Extra info for The Transition to a Colonial Economy: Weavers, Merchants and Kings in South India, 1720-1800
A Wnal source of weaver solidarity and corporate identity derived from their working lives. It was not uncommon for several weavers with their families to pursue their tasks together. ’’97 From work, it was only a small step to form solidarities based on occupation. The existence of such a collective —Ã MPP, 1771, vol. 106B, p. 1034, TNA. —Œ MPP, 1771, vol. 106B, p. 856, TNA. —Õ MPP, 1771, vol. 106B, p. 855–6, TNA. —œ Thurston, Castes and Tribes, vol. VI, p. 276. 34 The transition to a colonial economy identity was pointed to in the discussion of prestations to temples, which on occasion were carried out jointly by several weaving jatis.
Arasaratnam, ‘‘The Dutch East India Company and its Coromandel Trade 1700–1740,’’ Bijdragen tot de Taal-Land-en Volkenkunde, 123 (1967), p. 339. 5. To maintain the real value of their earnings, textile producers responded to the price increases with demands for higher prices for their goods. The result was rising yarn and cloth prices. However, all producers were not equally successful in passing on costs and weavers had far greater success than spinners. 4 I have assembled cotton and yarn prices from 1726 to 1731 at Porto Novo and Sadraspatnam.
The political and legal framework in eighteenth-century South India did not lead to debt bondage. 68 This is not to imply that merchants had no interest in tying weavers to themselves. This they certainly sought to do. However, the means of attachment was not debt, but the guarantee of a steady stream of advances, which weavers sought in order to be assured of regular employment. For example, in 1694 merchants at Vizagapatnam appealed to the English for advances of money to keep the weavers at work.